The history of film began in the 1890s, when motion picture cameras were invented and film production companies started to be established. Initially films in the 1890s were less than a minute duration and was without sound due to the restrictions filmmakers were faced during that time.
Film in the past depended mainly on traditional techniques and stunts however film nowadays have a large usage of CGI (computer generated imagery), computer animation, and other visual effects.
Regarding to the history of film, below is a video about a brief animated documentary of the history of film.
Encyclopedia Britannica. (2016). history of the motion picture. [online] Available at: http://global.britannica.com/art/history-of-the-motion-picture [Accessed 11 June 2016].
Wikipedia. (2016). History of film. [online] Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_film [Accessed 11 Jun. 2016].